A: In June 2016, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine released new guidelines to guide parents and health care professionals on the recommended amount of sleep that infants, children and teenagers need to receive for optimal health. This came after a 10 month process of an extensive scientific literature review, and multiple rounds of voting amongst a Pediatric Consensus Panel of 13 experts. The findings from the literature research found that those who followed the recommended daily sleep hours regularly tended to have overall better health outcomes such as improved attention spans, as well as better behavior, learning, memory, emotional regulation, quality of life, and mental and physical health. However, sleeping more or less than the recommended hours on a regular basis tended to be associated with adverse health consequences.
Supported by the American Academy of Pediatrics, here are the recommended sleep hours by age in the consensus statement:
- Infants four to 12 months should sleep 12 to 16 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
- Children one to two years of age should sleep 11 to 14 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
- Children three to five years of age should sleep 10 to 13 hours per 24 hours (including naps) on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
- Children six to 12 years of age should sleep nine to 12 hours per 24 hours on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
- Teenagers 13 to 18 years of age should sleep eight to 10 hours per 24 hours on a regular basis to promote optimal health.
According to the experts, besides having enough total hours of sleep regularly, reaping the benefits of healthy sleep also require having appropriate timing, daily regularity, good sleep quality and the absence of sleep disorders.
- Recharge With Sleep: Pediatric Sleep Recommendations Promoting Optimal Health. American Academy of Sleep Medicine. http://www.aasmnet.org/articles.aspx?id=6326. June 13, 2016. Accessed September 30, 2016.
- HealthDay. “How much sleep children need by age.” Chicago Tribune. June 13, 2016. http://www.chicagotribune.com/lifestyles/health/ct-child-sleep-recommendations-health-0613-20160613-story.html. Accessed September 30, 2016.)